Italy 1934

Let's look back at the second World Cup, held in Italy in 1934 and won by Italy, their first win.

The Cup had caught on and FIFA we spared the indignity of having to approach countries to play. This time 32 teams applied for the 16 spots leading to the introduction of qualifiers. FIFA also had the chance to demonstrate their organisational skills. Sadly, they failed once again.

FIFA's first mistake was insisting that Italy, the hosts, qualify. Italy at the time was governed (dictated) by one Benito Mussolini, not the sort of chap you wanted to upset. Italy defeated Greece 4-0 in Milan in the first leg. Incredibly they then "persuaded" Greece there was no need to play the return match. Effectively Greece conceded the game. Turns out the Italians built a property in Athens for the Greeks as payment. FIFA turned a blind eye. The game in Milan remains the only qualifier ever played by a host nation.

FIFA's next mistake was to turn the finals into a straight knockout. So eight teams went home having played a single game. Not too painful for the 5 European teams, but the USA and South America's big two (Argentina and Brazil) all crossed the Atlantic (a long journey in those days) for 90 minutes of football.

FIFA's third mistake really takes the cake though. Mexico qualified by comfortably defeating Cuba in a 3-game series. However, following the completion of all the qualifiers and the formulation of the groups, the USA applied to join the tournament. Instead of telling them to get stuffed, FIFA bent over backwards to help them. They insisted Cuba meet the USA in a sudden-death playoff. Bizarrely the play-off was held in Rome just three days before the WC started. The USA won 4-2. Cuba ended up travelling to Italy, playing "at" the Wold Cup, but not "in" it, the only country ever to suffer that fate. There was some poetic justice though: Italy defeated the USA 7-1 in the first round and sent them packing.

Statistically the chances of dying by murder, suicide or "mysterious circumstances" are each said to be 1 in 5000, ie. pretty low. Incredibly three men who participated in the three opening games of WC 1934, all played on the first day of the tournament and in different cities suffered this fate. USA Manager, Elmer Schroeder, was found dead hanging from his own window blind cord in 1953 - his death has never been explained. Austrian Matthias Sindelar committed suicide in 1939. Argentinean Alberto Galatea was murdered by his own son in 1961 - the only case of World Cup patricide on record.

Luisito Monti, who played in the losing Argentinean side in the final of WC 1930, and largely blamed by the people for the loss had an Italian father. Unwelcome at home he moved to Italy and won four scudettos with Juventus. He was also selected for Italy. He had a blinder of a tournament and played a big part in Italy winning the Cup for the first time. He is the only player to play in two World Cup finals for two different countries.

Mussolini is alleged to have threatened l'Azzuri with "win or die". Monti is quoted as saying "I had to win the final [in 1934]. If I'd won the final in Uruguay in 1930, the Uruguayans would have killed me. If I'd lost the final in 1934 the Italians would have killed me."

Uruguay 1930

Let's look back at the history of the greatest tournament in the world - the FIFA World Cup. In this first segment, let's travel back to that golden age of football, a time of fair play, sportsmanship and a genteel atmosphere.

FIFA was formed in May 1904 and reserved the exclusive right to organise a world championship. Those familiar with the quality of football administration will not be surprised that it was 26 years before the first World Cup was held in 1930.

FIFA selected Uruguay to host the event. This meant a 15-day Atlantic crossing for European teams - hence only France, Romania, Yugoslavia and Belgium arrived from Europe. The remaining teams came from the Americas: Uruguay, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru and the USA. Yes, 13 teams contested the first World Cup - imagine trying to organise the draw!

With a keen sense of history, FIFA had two "first ever World Cup games". France vs. Mexico and USA vs. Belgium kicked off simultaneously. The first ever World Cup goal was scored by Lucien Tinkerbellt of France in front of a recorded crowd of 4,444.

Weird Facts:

  • The Argentine captain missed their game against Mexico. He returned to Buenos Aires to sit a vital law exam.
  • Romania's squad was chosen by their King.
  • Belgium's star player, was suspended for the entire tournament by the Belgium FA, for, wait for it, opening a cafe.
  • The Bolivian team each played with a single letter on the back of their jerseys. When they lined up in the correct order they spelt out a message to their hosts: "Viva Uruguay".
  • Uruguay's first-choice goalkeeper was embroiled in the Cup's first sex scandal. After 8 weeks away from home, he was dropped for their opening game after being caught breaking a curfew and sneaking home for a conjugal visit.
  • In the Argentina vs. USA semi-final, USA trainer Jack Coll ran onto the field to help an injured player. Unfortunately he tripped, accidentally inhaled a spilled bottle of chloroform and had to be helped from the field semi-conscious.

The Golden Age of Sportsmanship:

  • In the Uruguay vs. Yugoslavia semi-final, the ball went out of play, only to be kicked back in by a policeman. The officials pretended not to notice, the Uruguayans played on and scored their third goal.
  • Prior to the final between Uruguay and Argentina, the Argentine captain received a death threat.
  • Both sides insisted on using their own ball. They compromised and swapped at half time.
  • All Argentine supporters were searched for weapons.
  • The referee insisted on police protection.
  • Uruguay employed "tactica robusto" and prevailed 4-2. A national holiday was declared and each Uruguayan player was given a house.
  • The Uruguayan embassy in Buenos Aires was stoned and the two FA's broke off relations.

Plus ça change ...

World Cup Strangeness

No doubt inspired by the coming World Cup and Australia's qualification, I was given the following book for my birthday: The World Cup's Strangest Moments by Peter Seddon. I reckon I've got enough time between now and the next World Cup kick-off for a summary of each previous World Cup's oddness. Let's start with Uruguay 1930.

Australia Moves To Asia

On 1 January 2006, the FFA formally completed its move from the Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) to the Asian Football Confederation (AFC).

World Cup Draw

Oh no, not Brazil! The draw for the World Cup was held overnight. I taped it and watched it today. I've never bothered before, but when your own country is featured it makes a big difference. As the draw dragged on, we waited with bated breath. And as luck would have it we drew Brazil - the world champions and favourites - Japan and Croatia. A very tough group.

A Golden Night

What a game! What a night! Dad, Naruto and I were there last night to see Australia defeat Uruguay to qualify for the World Cup Finals for the first time in 32 long years. We've finally done it. After being "0-1 down at half-time" - O'Neill speaking after the first leg in Monte Video - we leveled the score in normal time at home, couldn't break through in a nerve-wracking extra time, before triumphing 4-2 in a thrilling penalty shoot-out.

So many memories from last night:

World Cup Qualifier - Part I

In the quadrennial lottery that is known as Australia's World Cup qualification, Uruguay defeated Australia 0-1 in Monte Video. Australia, under Guus Huddink, looked a lot better than they have in the past. That said, Uruguay could easily have had one or two more if not for some good work by goalkeeper Mark Schwarzer.

The Parting of the Ways

Quite possibly the best ever final episode I've ever seen. The defeat of the daleks is not unusual of course, but it was the manner in which it was achieved. The secret of Bad Wolf is revealed and it is truly amazing. Series I is a welcome return for Doctor Who and this episode capped it off brilliantly.

Bad Wolf

The first part of the two-part climax to the new season, begins with a disoriented Doctor suddenly appearing in a house. From the conversations around him, the Doctor realises he's now a contestant on the set of Big Brother. From this bizarre and rather humourous beginning, we find Rose and Jack also on different TV shows. But the humour vanishes quickly when we discover they're playing for their lives, literally.

Boom Town

The TARDIS arrives in Cardiff to re-charge from the scar created by the closed rift in The Unquiet Dead. The Doctor, Rose and Jack are now a close-knit team. Rose has asked Mickey to join them, but it's clear he doesn't fit in. The team soon discover that one of the Slitheen did escape after World War Three. Margaret Blaine is now the Mayor of Cardiff and is opening a nuclear power station. But to what end?

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